Chinese company Bytedance has chosen Oracle over Microsoft for a deal involving Tiktok, Bloomberg reported Monday, which will resemble a partnership involving Oracle purchasing a stake in the company rather than an outright sale of the app’s US operations.

Why it matters: Bytedance had no intension of selling Tiktok’s key asset—the algorithm behind the popular video-sharing app. A deal with Oracle, whose executives have a close relationship with the US President Donald Trump, was viewed as a way to increase the company’s odds of winning approval from the White House.

Details: While the talks are ongoing, a deal with Oracle could, for example, take the form of a corporate restructuring rather than an outright sale. In this case, the American software company would take a stake of a newly formed US business while housing Tiktok’s data on its cloud servers, according to Bloomberg.

  • The two parties valued Tiktok’s US business at around $25 billion before Beijing announced new rules on limiting technology exports, said sources cited in the report.
  • Bytedance reportedly decided not to sell or transfer the algorithm powering Tiktok’s content recommendation function in any sale or divestment deal, the South China Morning Post reported Sunday.
  • Microsoft, the other suitor along with Walmart, confirmed in a statement Sunday that Bytedance had turned its offer down. “Bytedance let us know today they would not be selling Tiktok’s US operations to Microsoft… We are confident our proposal would have been good for Tiktok’s users, while protecting national security interests,” the company said.

Context: In late August, officials in Beijing updated a Chinese technology export regulation to ban the export of limited technologies, potentially including those used by Tiktok. Bytedance soon pledged to comply.

  • Companies must seek approval from the two ministries before exporting limited technologies, and the decision-making process can take up to 30 days, according to a set of technology export regulations the State Council issued (in Chinese) in 2001.
  • Trump ordered a ban barring US companies from doing business with Bytedance after Sept. 15, and is requiring that Bytedance sell or spin off Tiktok’s US operations by Nov. 12.

Writing about semiconductors and telecommunications.