On Tuesday, the Japanese government announced that it will add 23 items, including advanced semiconductor manufacturing equipment, to its export control list. Companies producing the 23 items will require official permission to export the items unless they are being sold to one of the 42 countries and regions that the Japanese government has designated as friendly. China is not on that list. The new measures will take effect on July 23, and follow export controls implemented by the US and the Netherlands that could limit China’s access to cutting-edge chips and chip-making equipment. A spokesperson for China’s Ministry of Commerce labelled Japan’s move an “abuse” of export control measures and a serious departure from free trade and international economic rules. [Jiemian, in Chinese]