An increasing number of cities around China are requiring commuters to register their identities when using public transport, as the country ramps up efforts to contain the spread of a deadly new flu-like virus.
Why it matters: Real-name registration was previously used for transport between cities. Its expansion to intracity transport is an attempt to track the possible spread of the virus.
- Nevertheless, such systems enable the government to keep a closer eye on the movements of the country’s citizens, with people voicing concerns that such measures could become permanent.
- The virus, dubbed Covid-19, was first reported in the central Chinese city of Wuhan in late December and has subsequently spread across the country, killing more than 2,200 people.
Details: Commuters in the southern city of Shenzhen and east China’s Ningbo are required to log their identities by scanning a QR code before boarding various kinds of public transport.
- The system employed in both cities is developed by Tencent and is available through popular messaging app WeChat.
- Lifestyle services company Meituan-Dianping has developed a similar platform for transport authorities in Shenyang, capital of northeastern China’s Liaoning province, TechNode reported earlier this month.
- In Shenzhen, commuters taking a bus or hailing a taxi will need to scan a QR code on the vehicle in order to log their trip.
- Meanwhile, in Ningbo, commuters will be required to use the platform when taking the subway.
- The first time a user scans one of the codes they will be prompted to confirm their identification details before continuing with their trip.
- The system also provides warning messages via SMS and WeChat to people who have traveled with someone suspected of being infected.
- If a passenger is not carrying a mobile phone they will need to complete the process manually by contacting transportation staff or their taxi driver.
- Collected data are minimal and kept encrypted, Tencent said.
Context: Cities around China have taken stringent measures to curb the spread of the virus while still allowing public transport to run. Transportation in the worst-affected areas has been shut down.
- Subways around the country have been checking passengers’ body temperatures to stop the spread of the disease.