China’s top antitrust regulator on Friday imposed a RMB 3.4 billion ($534 million) fine on Chinese food delivery giant Meituan for antitrust practices. 

Why it matters: The hefty penalty on Meituan is yet another anti-competitive strike from Chinese regulators. In April, regulators slapped a record $2.8 billion fine on Chinese e-commerce giant Alibaba for similar offenses.

READ MORE: Big Sell | Antitrust comes for Meituan

Details: The State Administration for Market Regulation (SAMR), China’s top market watchdog, said in a Friday statement (in Chinese) that it had issued a $534 million fine on Meituan six months after launching an investigation of the food delivery giant. 

  • Regulators said the investigation found that Meituan had forced restaurants and other merchants to list exclusively on its platform, a practice commonly known as “forced exclusivity.” 
  • Meituan punished merchants who refused to comply by charging higher commission rates, giving them less exposure on the app, and imposing other unfair practices.
  • The penalty is equivalent to 3% of Meituan’s RMB 114.7 billion revenue generated in the calendar year of 2020 in China. For comparison, Alibaba’s April fine was about 4% of its annual revenue.
  • The regulator also required Meituan to refund exclusive partnership deposits to merchants on the platform, amounting to RMB 1.3 billion.
  • The regulator ordered the company to revamp its operations and file self-examination compliance reports to SAMR for the next three years.
  • The company said in a Friday response (in Chinese) that it has “accepted the penalty with sincerity and will ensure our compliance with determination.”

Context: China’s antitrust crackdowns this year have punished some of the country’s best-known tech companies, including Tencent and Alibaba.

Emma Lee (Li Xin) was TechNode's e-commerce and new retail reporter until June 2022, when she moved to Sixth Tone to cover technology and consumption. Get in touch with her via or Twitter.