China's months-long investigation of Alibaba for anti-competitive practices concluded on Saturday as the e-commerce heavyweight was slapped with a record RMB 18.2 billion ($2.8 billion) fine for violating the Anti-Monopoly Law for a variety practices, most importantly "forced exclusivity."

The State Administration for Market Regulation (SAMR), China's top market regulator, defined Alibaba's dominant market position in a 24-page decision released on April 10. Alibaba's annual revenue from e-commerce services accounted for more than 70% of the combined revenue from China's top 10 e-retail platforms, while its overall turnover represents more than 60% of China's online retail sales during 2015 to 2019, according to SAMR.

The regulator determined that Alibaba had been "abusing" its market dominance by imposing "forced exclusivity" on merchants, a practice in which platforms force merchants to sell their wares on only one company's platform or services.

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Wei Sheng

Wei Sheng is a Beijing-based reporter covering hardware, smartphone, and telecommunications, along with regulations and policies related to the China tech scene. He writes a monthly newsletter tracking...

Emma Lee

Emma Lee is Shanghai-based tech writer, covering startups and tech happenings in China and Asia in general. We are looking for stories related to tech and China. Reach her at lixin@technode.com.