Shenma Pic

Interface of Shenma

Chinese mobile Internet software service UCWeb and e-commerce giant Alibaba launched today, a mobile search service developed by Shenma Inc., a joint venture established by the two companies in July last year.

UCWeb and Alibaba reportedly hold a 70% and a 30% stake in the joint venture respectively. CEO and chairman of UCWeb Yu Yongfu will serve as chairman of Shenma, while Liang Jie, CTO of UCWeb, will serve as president.

Search is one of the best means when it comes to monetizing users/traffic, so Qihoo 360 and the like would eventually tap into search.

UCWeb has always been an important access for the mobile service of searching engine Baidu. Around 35% of Baidu’s mobile search service comes from UC, said CEO of UCWeb in June 2012. It has long been rumored since 2012 that Baidu planned to acquire UCWeb to complement browser service, but no agreement has been reached between them.

However, UCWeb’s tie-up with Alibaba to start a home-grown mobile search service indicates the mobile browser developer is parting with Baidu to adopt a model similar to Qihoo 360’s in an attempt to pocket searching service revenues itself.

With a big plan for Mobile Internet, Alibaba has made a series of strategic investments in UCWeb as early as 2007 and Jack Ma, chairman of Alibaba Goup, joined UCWeb’s board of directors last year. Moreover, the technical team and business of Yisou, the video searching service of Alibaba, has been integrated into UCWeb last year.

Alibaba’s revenues on PCs mainly come from searching marketing and display ads on its marketplaces and a contextual ad network, and the launch a mobile search service may help the e-commerce giant to accelerate its commercialization drive. This tie-in will also fuel the zeal for its upcoming IPO in US stock market.

“Until now, mobile-first search did not exist.” said Yongfu. “Every commonly used search engine in the marketplace today was developed for the desktop, and offers a mobile interface that is only skin deep. By taking a mobile-first approach to search, Shenma will integrate search technology into mobile experiences, transforming the user experience and creating new revenue channels.”

In addition to web searching, Shenma also offers mobile searching service in different verticals, like App, shopping, and fictions. It is expected to add voice and picture search in the future.

China’s mobile search market is valued at $1.3 billion this year and $2.5 billion in 2015, according to research institute iResearch. Triggered by the huge market potential, SoftBank, an investor of Alibaba, led a $120 million round in Wandoujia, a Chinese company that also puts focus to mobile search business.

image credit: Shenma

Emma Lee (Li Xin) was TechNode's e-commerce and new retail reporter until June 2022, when she moved to Sixth Tone to cover technology and consumption. Get in touch with her via or Twitter.

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